Cold weather adversely affects heart health. Strong winter colds cause contraction of the heart vessels and having a heart attack is three times more common in the cold. Especially older adults, children, and patients with heart disease need to be more careful in cold weather.
People should be careful in cold weather, which can lead to chest pain, heart attack and sudden death due to malnutrition of the heart. However, the reaction of each person’s body to cold weather may be different.
Cold Weather Increases Risk of Having Heart Attack
The decrease in the amount of blood leading to the heart significantly increases the workload of the heart working to warm the body. Cold air causes shrinkage of blood vessels to the heart and a significant reduction in the amount of blood leading to the heart.
The heart, which has to pump more blood to maintain the current body temperature, requires more oxygen, but the shrinking blood vessels cannot transmit it. As a result, the heart muscle remains oxygen-free and may cause a heart attack.
Those People Should Pay Attention More
- People that had cardiovascular or cardiac valve surgery before
- People with diabetes
- COPD patients
- Older adults
6 Tips to Prevent a Heart Attack
Take care for these to protect and maintain your heart health in cold weather:
- Prevent cold air from coming directly to the front of the chest, keep the front of your jacket closed
- For a walk, choose the noon hours when the weather starts to warm up.
- When going out, use accessories such as a scarf to cover the mouth and neck area
- Wear thick and woolly clothes
- Eat foods rich in vitamin C, especially citrus fruits that strengthen the immune system
- Take care of adequate nutrition and fluid intake