Bipolar Mood Disorder

What is Bipolar Mood Disorder?

Bipolar mood disorder, also known as manic depressive disorder, is known as a mental disorder consisting of two different periods. Bipolar disorder is a psychological disorder that causes deterioration in a person’s emotional state, energy and ability to complete social activities.

It consists of periods of mania and depression. Improvement can be observed between these two periods. During the mania period, the patient is generally cheerful energetic, but in the depression period, the opposite situation appears to be unhappy and sad.

What is Mania?

The person who has mania (manic syndrome) is very cheerful. It laughs and sings, talks to everyone, although the patient is cheerful, it can easily get angry suddenly. Mania isn’t normal condition, although the person is cheerful, happy, humorous and energetic, its all social adaptation is ruined.

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms (Manic Period)

  • Sleep Deprivation
  • High elevated (euphoric) mood
  • Increased energy, activities and incontinence
  • Reduction in concentration
  • Increased sexual desire
  • Spending a lot of money
  • Having unrealistic beliefs about patient’s own ability
  • Reduction in judging capacity
  • Increase in thinking and speech content
  • Increase in provocative, inappropriate behavior
  • Increase in alcohol consumption and drug addiction

Risk Factors of Bipolar Disorder

  • Smoking
  • Insufficient physical activities
  • Unhealthy eating habits
  • Side effects of drugs
  • Business problems
  • Stressful life
  • Changes in adrenaline, insulin, stress hormone and cortisol system
  • Living in a region with a high crime rate
  • Financial problems

Bipolar Disorder Treatment

The diagnosis of bipolar disorder in everyone shows different subtypes, severity, intensity, and frequency. Bipolar disorder test should be made by the psychiatrist or licensed mental health professional before the treatment of the disease and appropriate treatment should be chosen after the psychiatric diagnosis.

In bipolar treatment, there are two-stage treatment: Treatment of acute exacerbations and prevention. The main point of treatment in bipolar disorder is preventive treatment. Because attacks are temporary, but there is always the risk of recurrence. Initial symptoms of attacks should be recognized and the patient should go to psychiatric control.

During periods of bipolar disorder with manic, severe depressive, suicidal risk and severe aggression, the patient must be hospitalized and treated.

Patients with bipolar disorder may want to stop taking the drug after a while because they feel well after a while. Here, the approach of patient relatives to the patient is very important. Supporting patients to use medication is a crucial point.

How to Prevent Bipolar Disorder

  • Regular and adequate sleep
  • It is very important to get used to a healthy and balanced diet for age and body type.
  • Exercise as much as possible
  • Avoid stressful environments as much as possible
  • Alcohol should be reduced or not consumed
  • Breathing exercises should be done
  • Anger control should be done

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