What is Hand Foot Mouth Disease?
Hand-foot disease or, more commonly, hand foot and mouth disease, is a highly infectious, rash disease caused by a virus. Symptoms are seen sores around the mouth, rashes on the hands, feet, and legs.
Although it is a discomfort disease, it does not have serious symptoms. It can occur in any age group but is more common in children under 10 years of age. Although there is no certain treatment for the disease, some treats can help to reduce the symptoms.
Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Causes
There are usually two viruses causing the disease, which are called coxsackievirus and enterovirus. When a person touches someone with the disease or touches an object that is infected with the virus, such as a doorknob, toy, etc… they can catch the active virus. The virus tends to spread easily summer and autumn period.
Hand foot mouth disease spreads with;
- Fluid in blisters
- Respiratory droplets sprayed into the air after a cough or sneeze
Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Symptoms
Early signs of hand foot and mouth disease are seen in the form of fever and sore throat. Painful blisters that resemble deep sores can be seen and develop inside and around the child’s mouth or in the tongue. After the first signs appear, the patient’s hands, especially the palms and soles of the feet may continue to rash for 1-2 days. In fact, these rednesses can turn into blisters filled with water.
Red rashes or sores may also occur on the knees, elbows, and buttocks. Your child may have all or only one or two of these symptoms. Anorexia, weakness, restlessness, and headache are other symptoms that can be diagnosed in patients. Some children may also have a fall in fingernails and toenails.
Hand Foot and Mouth Disease Treatment
There is no vaccine that has proven reliable and safety in preventing hand, foot and mouth disease and there is no special drug for its treatment. It is usually observed that the disease progresses with mild symptoms and recovers by itself.
However, using painkillers and antipyretics to alleviate existing symptoms is recommended in required patients, and the use of mouthwashes and sprays to reduce sore throat is recommended.
What’s Good for HFMD?
Creams and lotions for itching recommended by the doctor will be beneficial for rashes and blisters. Gently applying coconut oil to red rashes and blisters can also help accelerate healing.
Cold foods and beverages such as iced ice cream, yogurt or smoothies can help to relax by cooling the mouth and throat.
Herbal Treatment for HFMD
Coconut Water Ice Cubes: Water loss(dehydration) in HFMD can be a serious problem because red rashes and blisters in the mouth can make it extremely painful to prevent eating and drinking. Frozen coconut water cubes can help to relax pain and discomfort, but more importantly due to the high levels of potassium and the electrolytes it contains, it is an excellent way to resist dehydration.
Coconut Oil: Applying coconut oil gently to red rashes and blisters can help speed up healing. Antimicrobial and antiviral compounds in coconut oil can provide relief and prevent the spread of the disease.
Pink Himalayan Salt: To get rid of irritation in the mouth, mix 1/2 teaspoon of pink Himalayan salt with warm water. Rinse your mouth and spit. Repeat this. This amazing salt helps to balance pH levels by supporting the immune system.
Bone Broth: Drinking homemade bone broth will make you eat well and heal faster. The high collagen content of bone broth nourishes and strengthens your skin. Thus, your skin, which is damaged after hand foot and mouth disease, recovers much more quickly.
How to Protect
- Wash your hands frequently with soap, especially after changing diapers and using the toilet.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces and dirty items, including toys.
- Avoid close contact with people having hand foot and mouth disease, such as kissing, handshaking, hugging or sharing foodstuffs or cups.
How to Prevent the Spread of HFMD
In the first, 7 days of the HFMD, the transmission is highest. However, the virus continues to spread through oral fluids and feces for days and weeks after symptoms disappear completely. The easiest way to prevent the disease from spreading to others is by washing your child’s hand and your own hand thoroughly. It is very important to wash hands, especially after wiping the child’s nose and changing the diaper.
- Stay away from people with HFMD because it is highly contagious
- Keep children away from crowded environments, especially in kindergartens or schools for 1-2 weeks
- Take care to regularly disinfect areas where children play with common toys
- Avoid common use of personal items such as plates, cups, forks, spoons, towels, etc.
- Do not make close contact with patients, such as kissing and hugging