High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

What is Hypertension?

Hypertension is the high pressure of blood against artery wall in the vein. In the long term, the effect of blood on the vessel walls causes damage to the inner surface of the vessel. High blood pressure may cause blockage, enlargement, or rupture of the vessels pumping the organs. Hypertension can ruin blood flow to the organs and cause organ failure.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms

The silent enemy is a frequently used term for hypertension. High blood pressure can damage the kidney, brain, cardiovascular system for years without any symptoms. That is why it is called silent enemy. You should monitor your blood pressure at regular intervals. The symptoms of hypertension are as follows:

  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitation
  • Chest pain
  • Visual impairment
  • Weakness
  • Tiredness
  • Nose bleeding
  • Difficulty walking
  • Tinnitus in the ears
  • Frequent urination
  • Swelling on the legs

If you feel one or more of the symptoms of hypertension, you should consult a doctor.

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

Causes of high blood pressure include high intake of salt, stress, obesity, genetic factors such as the family history of hypertension, diabetes, sedentary lifestyle, and inadequate consumption of nutrients containing elements such as calcium, potassium, magnesium.

In addition, thyroid diseases, adrenal gland tumors, narrowing of the vessels leading to the kidney, aortic stenosis, and genetic disorders can also be caused by factors triggering hypertension. Birth control pills, some types of painkillers also increase blood pressure and cause hypertension.

High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy

An increase in blood pressure levels may bring high blood pressure, but other symptoms must be observed as a diagnosis in order to diagnose high blood pressure during pregnancy.

Tests for pregnancy blood pressure are as follows:

  • Regular blood pressure measurement
  • Urine test
  • Evaluation of edema in the body
  • Weight tracking,
  • Kidney and liver function tests
  • Blood clotting tests

High blood pressure during pregnancy can cause different effects in the body than normal times. The most common symptoms of high blood pressure during pregnancy are:

  • Increase in blood pressure
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Reduction of the amount of urine
  • Pain in the stomach or upper right abdomen
  • Vision problems such as double vision or blurred vision
  • Quick increase in weight
  • Changes in kidney or liver function tests

High Blood Sugar Treatment

In case of high blood pressure, it is recommended that the patient wash his hands, feet and arms with normal tap water. The shower with cold water also helps to lower blood pressure.

When the blood pressure rises, a lemon juice can be squeezed and diluted immediately, then should be drunk to reduce blood pressure.

Unsalted yogurt and buttermilk also have the effect of lowering blood pressure. However, extra care should be taken to make the yogurt or buttermilk unsalted.

Juices of fruits such as pomegranate juice and grapefruit and thyme juice are also lowering blood pressure. Garlic also has the effect of lowering blood pressure.

Can cholesterol cause high blood pressure?

There is no direct relationship between high cholesterol and hypertension. There is no sign that the person who has high cholesterol has high blood pressure or if the person who has high blood pressure has high cholesterol level. However, there is an indirect relationship between them.
Hypertension causes tearing of the vein. Cholesterol also enters these tears, starting and advancing the hardness of the arteries. When it progresses, blood pressure starts to rise due to arteriosclerosis.

Can drinking alcohol cause high blood pressure?

Excess alcohol can both directly increase blood pressure, as well as interact with blood pressure medications, causing unwanted reactions.

Can migraine cause high blood pressure?

There is a direct correlation between hypertension and migraine. Because migraines and hypertension are direct autonomic nervous system diseases. Migraine is the disruption of intermittent operation of the autonomic nervous system, hypertension is a continuous milder disruption. In both cases, vascular control is impaired.

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