The possibility of ovarian cysts during pregnancy is known to be 0,1% ratio. Cysts most commonly diagnosed follicular cyst or corpus luteum cyst in pregnancy. The ovary usually disappears spontaneously until the third month of pregnancy.
What Is Corpus Luteum?
The corpus luteum is a bunch of cells in the ovary that is responsible for progesterone production in the early stages of pregnancy. The role of corpus luteum depends on being fertilization or not. Cysts may sometimes occur in the corpus luteum, which may cause painful symptoms.
These cysts may disappear by itself, but some of them require treatment.
Eggs are released from a dominant follicle during ovulation. Following the release of the egg, the follicle leaks itself and forms a mass called a corpus luteum. The mass of these cells helps to produce progesterone hormone in early pregnancy.
The corpus luteum will go on to produce progesterone until the fetus produces enough levels of hormones to sustain the pregnancy, which usually occurs between 7 and 9 weeks of pregnancy. Progesterone is important during the early stages of pregnancy, because:
– Allows the uterus to grow without contraction
– Supports growth and development of uterine lining
– Improves blood flow and oxygen supply
The corpus luteum pregnancy hormone is supported by human chorionic gonadotropin or HCG. The corpus luteum begins to decrease in the 10th week of pregnancy.
How Corpus Luteum Cyst Occur?
The corpus luteum can be filled with fluid occasionally. This fluid accumulation causes corpus luteum cyst, a type of functional ovarian cyst. In most cases, the corpus luteum cysts disappear on their own without treatment. Corpus luteum cysts may be lost within a few weeks, or completely disappear until the menstrual bleeding.
Signs of Corpus Luteum Cyst
Women with corpus luteum cysts may experience the following symptoms:
– Sharp pelvic pain
– Abdominal fullness or swelling
– General swelling
– Low back pain
– Painful sexual intercourse
– Gaining weight
– Painful menstrual bleeding
– Tenderness on breasts
– More frequent urination
– Difficulty in emptying the bladder
– Difficulty incomplete bowel emptying
– Abnormal vaginal bleeding
Some women may experience a cyst rupture that can cause severe pain and possibly internal bleeding. Larger cysts can cause themselves (ovarian sprain) bending in the ovary, which adversely affects blood flow in the affected ovary.
How to Diagnose Corpus Luteum Cyst?
Some ovarian cysts may be felt during pelvic examination, while others may not be felt. An obstetrician can perform some diagnostic tests to evaluate and diagnose ovarian cysts, including:
– A pregnancy test that indicates the presence of corpus luteum cyst
– Hormone test
– Pelvic ultrasound
Surgical procedures, such as laparoscopy, where a doctor puts the device into the uterus of the woman through a small incision in the abdomen.
How to Treat Corpus Luteum Cyst?
Corpus luteum cysts usually get well without treatment. However, sometimes treatment is necessary. Some treatment options for ovarian cysts include:
– Preventive drugs such as hormonal contraceptives
– Surgical procedure to remove the cyst
As a conclusion
The corpus luteum helps to produce the hormones the body needs in the early stages of pregnancy. It provides pregnancy, which is a vital part of fertility.
If the corpus luteum is filled with fluid, new corpus luteum cysts may produce. If you have any of the symptoms associated with a corpus luteum cyst, you should see a doctor.
These cysts may cause painful symptoms, but in most cases, they can pass over time without treatment.