The possibility of ovarian cysts during pregnancy is known to be 0,1% ratio. Cysts most commonly diagnosed follicular cyst or corpus luteum cyst in pregnancy. The ovary usually disappears spontaneously until the third month of pregnancy.
Follicular cysts which are seen in female reproductive ages, also known as benign ovarian cysts or functional cysts. Follicular cysts is rarely seen girls before puberty.
Most follicle cysts are painless, harmless and not cancerous. It usually disappears spontaneously with several menstrual bleeding (period). You may not even be aware of having follicular cyst. Follicular cysts can rarely cause complications requiring medical help.
Symptoms of Follicular Cysts
Most follicle cysts do not show any symptoms. If you have large follicle cysts or it ruptures, you may have the following symptoms:
– Lower abdominal pain
– Lower abdominal pressure
– Abdominal bloating
– Changes in the length of the menstrual cycle
– Sensitivity on breast
If you feel sharp or sudden pain in your lower abdomen, especially if it occurs with nausea or fever, you should go for medical treatment immediately. It may be a sign of a broken follicle cyst or a more serious medical emergency. A correct diagnosis should be made as soon as possible.
How Follicle Cysts Occurs?
Follicular cysts occur as a result of normal menstrual periods. If you are in female reproductive age, your ovaries develop cyst-like follicles every month.
These follicles produce estrogen and progesterone, which are important hormones. If a follicle does not rupture, it may become a cyst. The cyst may continue to grow and fill with fluid or blood.
Risk Factors of Follicle Cysts
– If you have had ovarian cysts in the past
– If you are having an irregular menstrual cycle
– If the first menstrual bleeding was 11 years or younger
– If you use fertility drugs
– If you have hormonal imbalances
– If you have too much fat in your body especially around the belly
– Having a high level of stress
In addition, if you are using oral contraceptives or birth control pills, the possibility of developing follicular cysts is lower. Rarely, these drugs do not allow you to form a follicle in your ovaries and ovulate. A follicle cyst cannot develop without a follicle.
How to Diagnose Follicle Cyst?
Most follicular cysts are asymptomatic(no symptoms) without treatment. In some cases, your doctor may diagnose that you have a follicular cyst during a routine physical examination. If you are healthy and do not show any symptoms, your doctor will probably leave the cyst to make itself disappear.
It requires follow-up with routine examinations to ensure that it does not grow. In some cases, they may recommend vaginal ultrasonography or other tests.
How to Treat Follicle Cyst?
If a follicle cyst is diagnosed but does not show any symptoms, your doctor may recommend not to treat. Most of the time these cysts are dissolved itself. Your doctor can examine the condition of the cyst with routine examination. A pelvic ultrasound may also be used to ensure that the cyst is growing or not.
Your doctor may recommend surgery if a follicle cyst occurs that expands to cause pain or prevents blood flow to the fallopian tubes or ovaries. If any type of cyst occurs after menopause, surgical intervention may be needed.