What is Mycobacterium Tuberculosis?
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a contagious infectious disease known as Tuberculosis among people, which causes widespread inflammation in the lungs.
Patients with active form of lung or laryngeal tuberculosis are considered to be the source of the tuberculosis germ, and the germ is spread by breathing, coughing or sneezing through the respiratory tract of sick people. Healthy people entering this environment receive Mycobacterium tuberculosis germs by breath and the disease continues to spread.
People with tuberculosis germ can continue their healthy life for months without any symptoms. During this period, the person’s immune system often successfully fights the bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis and tries to prevent the development of the disease.
However, when the immune system fails to show sufficient resistance, tuberculosis germs become active and tuberculosis disease occurs. Some diseases, conditions and medications can weaken your immune system, including:
- Stressful lifestyle
- Smoking, vaping
- Having kidney, liver, heart disease operations
- Young and advanced age
- Some cancer and cortisone drugs
Symptoms of the disease can include:
- Cough complaints lasting more than 15 days,
- High fever
- Night sweats
- Severe chest pain,
- Anorexia, rapid weight loss,
- Weakness, fatigue,
- Bloody sputum in later stages
Although tuberculosis is most common in South and East Asia and Africa, tuberculosis occurs in all continents and countries of the world and 9.2 million people experience tuberculosis annually.
- Increased immigration rate
The drugs developed for the treatment of tuberculosis provide a highly healing effect in the early stage of the disease. There are four different types of drugs that are the most effective treatment. Almost all patients are treated successfully with these drug treatments.
Tuberculosis treatment lasts at least 6 months, this period may be extended with the guidance of the doctor. It is very important to follow the drugs used.
How to Prevent TB
The most important thing in the healing of TB and other lung diseases is resting. Proper nutrition and sleep have great importance. Water intake must be high in this disease. In fact, it is essential for patients to take their medication regularly and at the appropriate dose every day.
Fresh air is also very important. The house of patients with tuberculosis should be well ventilated. Sun rays kill the tuberculosis germ. In dirty air and low oxygen places, this germ grows more quickly.